Charles William "Bill" Young (December 16, 1930 - October 18, 2013) was an American politician who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 2013. A Republican from Florida, Young served as chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations from 1999 to 2005. He was the longest-serving Republican member of Congress at the time of his death. Contents 1 Early life, education, and early career, 2 Florida Senate, 3 U.S. House of Representatives 3.1 Elections, 3.2 Tenure 3.2.1 1970s, 3.2.2 1980s, 3.2.3 1990s, 3.2.4 2000s, , 3.3 Committee assignments, 3.4 Caucus memberships, , 4 Electoral history, 5 Other activities, 6 Personal life, 7 See also, 8 References, 9 External links, Early life, education, and early career: Young was born in Harmarville, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh, in 1930. He had Irish, German, and Swiss ancestry. He grew up in a Pennsylvania coal town in a shotgun shack. His father abandoned the family and a flood washed away their home at age 6. An uncle had a hunting camp in Florida, so the family moved there when he was 16. Young dropped out of St. Petersburg High School to support his ill mother, Wilma M. (Hulings) Young, and was wounded in a hunting accident. When he was 18, he joined the Army National Guard and served from 1948 to 1957. After finishing his service, he applied for a job as an insurance salesman and ultimately ran an insurance agency. Florida Senate: In 1960 Young was elected to the Florida Senate, where he served from 1961 to 1970, and was minority leader in that chamber from 1966 to 1970. Until 1963, Young was the only Republican in Florida's upper chamber. From 1962 through 1964, Young served on the Florida Legislative Investigation Committee, commonly known as the Johns Committee, a legislative panel that investigated the activities of homosexuals, communists and others thought to be subversive. In 1964, the committee released a pamphlet entitled Homosexuality and Citizenship in Florida, which drew criticism at the time for its use of explicit photographs of homosexual acts. At the time, Young said of homosexuality: "Our report tried to show it in its true light - it's a very repulsive subject." Responding to reports that reprints of the pamphlet were being sold as pornography for a gay audience, Young said: "This indicates how bold the homosexual is becoming and further proves the necessity of state government taking the lead in responsibility for preventing these confirmed homosexuals from preying on the youth of the state." In 1993, Young was asked about his involvement with the report by the St. Petersburg Times and said: "I am not supportive of homosexuality, but that's the decision of the people who are involved in it. If someone wants to engage in that sort of behavior, that's their choice." Young also stated that the committee was largely inactive during his tenure due to the illness of its chair, Charley Eugene Johns, and that he was not involved enough in the committee to be either proud or regretful of its work. U.S. House of Representatives: Elections: See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, 2012#District 13 Young was elected to Congress in 1970 from what was then the 8th District and was reelected 20 times. The district, which changed numbers four times during Young's tenure (it was the 8th District from 1971 to 1973, the 6th District from 1971 to 1983, the 8th District again from 1983 to 1993, the 10th from 1993 to 2013 and has been the 13th since 2013) was once considered a Republican stronghold. However, it has become much friendlier to Democratic candidates in recent years, at least on the national level. Since 1988, it has only supported a Republican for president once, in 2004. Despite the Democratic trend in his district at the national level, Young usually skated to reelection. He only twice received less than 60% of the vote, in 1992 and 2012. Tenure: Having been a member of the Appropriations Committee for his entire time in congress, Young is known best for bringing federal dollars to Pinellas County. His earmarks have been used for U.S. Highway 19, high tech jobs, healthcare for children, clean water, and defense contractors. 1970s: In 1974, all four Republican congressman from Florida said they would support impeaching President Richard Nixon over Watergate Scandal. In the 1976 Republican primary for president, Young endorsed President Gerald Ford over California Governor Ronald Reagan. 1980s: In 1980, Young endorsed moderate US Senator George HW Bush over Ronald Reagan in the Republican primary. Young opposed any spending cuts to the United States Coast Guard. He strongly opposed deficit reduction. He was instrumental in creating a national registry for bone marrow donors in 1986. Now named after him, it lists nearly 10 million volunteer donors and has facilitated transplants for more than 50,000 people. 1990s: After the 1994 Republican Revolution, House Speaker Newt Gingrich gave the position of chairman of the Appropriations Committee to Bob Livingston of Louisiana instead of Young, even though Young had more seniority. When Dennis Hastert became speaker in 1999, Young finally became the chairman. Young strongly supported increases in defense spending and sent letters to Congressman John Kasich, Chairman of the Budget Committee, recommending an increase in DOD funding. Young strongly supported the F-22 Raptor. In a 1999 New York Times interview, Young stated, "In my short life I've been shot, I've been hit by a truck, survived an airplane crash, I've had my chest opened and my heart rebuilt. And it's sort of hard to get me flustered after all that." 2000s: In 2005, Young received 3,570 earmark requests from members of Congress, because it was his last year as chairman of the committee. He believed that requests for earmarks should not be publicly disclosed. In March 2006, Young spokesman Harry Glenn said "This has been the policy of the committee for years. It's internal correspondence from one member to another." From 2007-2008, $167,000,000 in earmarked funds came to the Tampa Bay Area. At the State of the Union Address on January 31, 2006, authorities expressly prohibited the display of political ideology on clothing in the U.S. Capitol. Young's wife was asked to leave shortly after anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan was ejected for wearing an anti-war T-shirt. Beverly Young's T-shirt stated: "Support the Troops -- Defending Our Freedom." She argued with Capitol Hill Police officers in the hallway outside the House chamber. "They said I was protesting," she told the St. Petersburg Times. "I said, 'Read my shirt, it is not a protest.' They said, 'We consider that a protest.' I said, 'Then you are an idiot.'" Young was angry about the way his wife was treated. "Because she had on a shirt that someone didn't like that said support our troops, she was kicked out of this gallery," Young said on the House floor the following day, holding up the gray shirt. "Shame, shame," he said. Capitol Police Chief Terrance Gainer apologized in a statement late that same day. Young said he was not necessarily satisfied. "My wife was humiliated," he told reporters. He suggested that "sensitivity training" might be in order for the Capitol Police. On September 29, 2008, Young voted against the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 Young supported over $70 million in combined earmarks to two companies which employ his sons, both before and after they were employees. Young's son, Patrick, was employed by defense contractor SAIC when the company reportedly benefited from earmarks. The situation is not illegal. In 2011, Young resisted a request by the Pentagon to transfer $863 million in funds from Humvee production to intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance for the conflict in Afghanistan. AM General, which makes the Humvee, has been a contributor to Young's campaigns. Young denied that his actions "put American lives at risk", pointing to an urgent Marine Corps request to improve crew protection on existing Humvees as reason enough to preserve some funding for additional vehicles beyond armed forces requirements. Nonetheless, Young's committee approved $613 million of the Humvee funds to buy equipment for Afghanistan. After eleven years of supporting the War in Afghanistan (2001-present), in 2012 Young turned against the war after Army Staff Sgt. Matthew S. Sitton of Largo was killed in Afghanistan after sending Young a letter pointing out problems there and predicting his own death. His wife had also been trying to persuade her husband to oppose continued American involvement in Afghanistan. Young said "we're killing kids who don't need to die." h Committee assignments: Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense (Chairman), , Young received a term limit waiver to retain his chairmanship of the Appropriations Subcommittee for the 113th Congress. House Republicans limit committee chairmen to a six-year term, but Young received two consecutive waivers extending this limit. Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies, , Caucus memberships: Army Caucus, Congressional Diabetes Caucus, Congressional Fire Services Caucus, Congressional Human Rights Caucus, Congressional Social Security Caucus (Co-Chair), Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus, International Conservation Caucus, Sportsmen's Caucus, Electoral history: Florida's 8th congressional district: Results 1970-1972 Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct 1970 C. W. Bill Young 120,466 67.2% Ted Bailey 58,904 32.8% Florida's 6th congressional district: Results 1972-1980 Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct 1972 C. W. Bill Young 156,150 76% Michael O. Plunkett 49,399 24% 1974 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 109,302 75.8% Mickey Monrose 34,886 24.2% 1976 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 151,371 65.2% Gabriel Cazares 80,821 34.8% 1978 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 150,694 78.8% Jim Christison 40,654 21.2% 1980 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% Florida's 8th congressional district: Results 1982-1990 Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct 1982 C. W. Bill Young Unopposed 100% 1984 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 184,553 80.3% Robert Kent 45,393 19.7% 1986 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% 1988 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 169,165 73% C. Bette Wimbish 62,539 27% 1990 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% Florida's 10th congressional district: Results 1992-2010 Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct 1992 C. W. Bill Young 149,606 56.6% Karen Moffitt 114,809 43.4% 1994 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% 1996 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 114,443 66.6% Henry Green 57,375 33.4% 1998 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% 2000 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 146,799 75.7% Josette Green (Natural Law) 26,908 13.9% Randy Heine (independent) 20,296 10.5% 2002 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) Unopposed 100% 2004 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 207,175 69.3% Robert D. Derry 91,658 30.7% 2006 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 131,488 65.9% Samm Simpson 67,950 34.1% 2008 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 182,781 60.7% Bob Hackworth 118,430 39.3% 2010 C. W. Bill Young (inc.) 137,943 65.9% Charlie Justice 71,313 34.1% Florida's 13th congressional district: Results 2012 Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct 2012 C. W. Bill Young 189,605 57.6% Jessica Ehrlich 139,742 42.4% Other activities: Young served as a member of the Florida Constitution Revision Commission from 1965 to 1967. He was also a Florida delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1968, 1972, 1976, and 1984. Personal life: In 1985, Young divorced his first wife, Marian Ford to whom he had been married 36 years with whom he had three children,Terry, Pamela, Kimber and married his second wife, Beverly. Young and Beverly had two children together, Billy, and Patrick, and the couple raised Beverly's son, Robbie, from her first marriage. On October 18, 2013, Young died at Walter Reed in Bethesda, Maryland. He had been hospitalized for almost two weeks with back problems that resulted from injuries he sustained in a small plane crash in 1970. He was 82 and is survived by his wife and five children.

Source: Wikipedia

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