James Francis "Jim" Murphy PC (born 23 August 1967) is a British Labour Party politician and is the Member of Parliament (MP) for East Renfrewshire.
He is currently the Shadow Secretary of State for International Development, having previously served as Shadow Defence Secretary. From October 2008 to May 2010 he served in government as Secretary of State for Scotland. Prior to this, he served as Minister for Europe from 2007-08, the Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform from 2006-07, and as Parliamentary Secretary at the Cabinet Office from 2005-06.
Murphy was the co-chair of the Review of the Labour Party in Scotland, commissioned by Ed Miliband in May 2011.
1 Early life
1.1 NUS Scotland (1992-1994),
1.2 NUS UK (1994-1996),
1.3 Special Projects Manager (1996-1997),
2 Member of Parliament
3 Labour Party Groups,
5 Personal life,
8 External links,
Murphy was born in Glasgow and raised in a two-bedroom flat in the Arden district. He went to St. Robert Bellarmine Catholic school in Glasgow.
In 1979, when he was 12, his family emigrated to Cape Town, South Africa after his father became unemployed. In Cape Town, he went to Milnerton High School.
In 1985, Murphy returned to Scotland at age 18 to study Politics and European Law at the University of Strathclyde.
NUS Scotland (1992-1994):
During his time at university, he was elected President of the National Union of Students Scotland, the Scottish 'special region' organisation within the NUS, in 1992 and served a term of office until 1994.
NUS UK (1994-1996):
In 1994, Murphy took a sabbatical from university to serve as the President of the National Union of Students, an office which he held from 1994-96, during which time he was a member of Labour Students.
As NUS President, he also served concurrently as Director of Endsleigh Insurance from 1994-1996.
During Murphy's presidency in 1995, the NUS dropped its opposition to the abolition of the student grant in line with the Labour Party's policies, contrary to the agreed policy at the NUS Derby Conference. Subsequently he was condemned by a House of Commons Early Day Motion introduced by Ken Livingstone and signed by 17 Labour MPs for "intolerant and dictatorial behaviour".
Special Projects Manager (1996-1997):
From 1996-97, he was the Special Projects Manager of the Scottish Labour Party
Member of Parliament:
Murphy ended his term of office with the NUS in 1996 and at the 1997 general election, he was unexpectedly elected as MP for the Eastwood constituency, winning the formerly safe Conservative seat with a majority of 3,236.
From 1999-2001, he was a member of the Public Accounts Committee, which oversees public expenditure. In February 2001, he was appointed as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Helen Liddell, the Secretary of State for Scotland, after the resignation of Frank Roy over the Carfin grotto fiasco.
At the 2001 general election he was re-elected as MP for Eastwood, with an increased majority of 9,141.
In June 2002, he was appointed as a government whip, with responsibility for the Scotland Office, Scottish Group of Labour MPs and the Northern Ireland Office. His responsibilities were changed in November 2002 to cover the Department of Trade and Industry instead of the Northern Ireland Office, and in June 2003 to cover the Scotland Office, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and the Department for International Development.
For the 2005 general election, the Eastwood constituency was renamed East Renfrewshire, although the boundaries were unchanged. Murphy was re-elected with a majority of 6,657 and promoted to ministerial rank as Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Cabinet Office. His responsibilities included e-government, better regulation and public service modernisation.
He was promoted in May 2006 to Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform, with responsibilities including employment, welfare reform and child poverty. In June 2007, he was appointed Minister for Europe. His portfolio included Public Diplomacy.
In an October 2008 cabinet reshuffle, Prime Minister Gordon Brown appointed Murphy as Secretary of State for Scotland. In the 2010 Election Scottish Labour held every seat they'd won in 2005.
After Labour lost the May 2010 Election, Murphy shadowed the role of Scottish Secretary until Ed Miliband was elected Leader of the Opposition and Shadow Cabinet Elections could take place.
Jim Murphy and Douglas Alexander were the campaign managers for David Miliband's failed bid for the Labour party leadership from 20 May to 25 September 2010.
Following the election of Ed Miliband as Leader of the Opposition, in the Shadow Cabinet appointments that followed Murphy was appointed Shadow Defence Secretary on 8 October 2010.
On 3 July 2013, Jim Murphy criticised the Unite union for "bullying" and "overstepping the mark" in interfering with the 2013 Labour Party Falkirk candidate selection process. The Labour Party later cleared Unite of any wrongdoing.
On 7 October 2013, Jim Murphy was reassinged to the post of Shadow Secretary of State for International Development.
Labour Party Groups:
As a Government Minister, Murphy's membership of these groups was suspended in line with the Ministerial Code.
Vice Chair Labour's Departmental Treasury Committee (1997-2001),
Vice Chair Labour's Departmental Culture, Media and Sport Committee (1997-2001),
Member of Labour's Northern Ireland Committee,
Vice-Chair (1997-2001) and Chair (2001-2002) of Labour Friends of Israel,
Murphy is a member of the Henry Jackson Society Advisory Council.
In 2011, The Daily Telegraph published documents, compiled by a senior US official at the US Embassy in London and published by WikiLeaks, it was revealed that throughout 2009, Jim Murphy was in charge of organising a coalition of Unionist parties whose aim was to "block an independence referendum" in Scotland. The documents state:Throughout 2009, UK Secretary of State for Scotland Jim Murphy played a leadership role in organizing the opposition parties, hoping to move Scotland toward implementation of the Calman recommendations as an alternative to an independence referendum, according to Murphy's advisors, Labour party insiders, and opposition party leaders. First Minister Salmond's response to independence critics (such as Murphy) has been to accelerate the implementation of the Calman recommendations as soon as possible - "to call the bluff."
Jim Murphy is married to Claire (née Cook), a primary school teacher; they have three children. Murphy is a season ticket holder at Celtic Football Club, and captains the Parliamentary Football Team. He is a vegetarian.
Text from this biography licensed under creative commons license